Mohammad The Last Prophet A Model For All Time || The Battle of Uhud

The Battle of Uhud was revenge for Badr for the Quraysh

When their heroes were defeated on the Day of Badr and the remnants of the army returned to Makkah, it was a terrible blow for the Quraysh. Men who had lost their fathers, sons and brothers approached Abu Sufyan and others who had valuable merchandise in that caravan. They wanted the profits to be used for fighting the Muslims again. The merchants agreed to their request. The Quraysh decided to conduct a new war. Poets spurred the people on with their militant verses and provoked fanatical zeal in readiness for battle.

A well-equipped Quraysh army set out from Makkah in the middle of Shawwal 3 A.H. The leaders accompanied by their wives advanced until they set up camp at the gates of Madinah. The Quraysh had mustered three thousand soldiers.

The Messenger of Allah thought that the Muslims should stay in the city and fight only if the enemy came into Madinah. 'Abdullah ibn Ubayy agreed with him but some of the Muslim men who had missed fighting at Badr said, 'Messenger of Allah, lead us out to face our enemies so that they will not think us cowards and weaklings.'.

They kept urging on the Messenger of Allah until he went into his house and put on his armour. Then those who had suggested going out of the city regretted their insistence and said, 'We have persuaded you, Messenger of Allah, for which we had no right. If you wish, stay and may Allah bless you.'

The Messenger of Allah then said, 'It is not fitting that a Prophet who has put on his armour should put it aside until he has fought.'

The Messenger of Allah went out with a thousand of his Companions. When he was at ash-Shawt between Madinah and Uhud, 'Abdullah ibn Ubayy withdrew with a third of the men, saying, 'He has obeyed them and rebelled against me.'

In battle position

When the Messenger of Allah, now with seven hundred men, reached the gorge of Uhud, a mountain about three kilometres from Madinah, he took up his position saying, 'None of you should start fighting until we give the order.'

He prepared for battle. He put 'Abdullah ibn Jubayr in charge of the fifty archers, instructing them, 'Keep the cavalry away from us with arrows so that they do not come up from our rear whether the battle is going for us or against us.'

He commanded them to hold their position and not to leave it, even if they saw birds snatching the army away. He put on two coats of armour and gave the banner to Mus'ab ibn 'Umayr (may Allah be pleased with him).

Another race for Jihad

On the day of Uhud the Messenger of Allah sent back a group of boys because they were too young. They included Samurah ibn Jundub and Rafi' ibn Khadij who were only fifteen years old. The father of Rafi' interceded, saying to the Messenger of Allah that his son Rafi' was a good shot, so the Prophet allowed the boy to go.

Samurah ibn Jundub who was the same age as Rafi' was presented to the Messenger of Allah who sent him back because he was too young. Samurah said, 'You gave permission to Rafi' but you sent me back. If I were to wrestle with him, I would throw him.'

They wrestled and Samurah threw Rafi' so he was given permission as well. Consequently he was able to fight in the Battle of Uhud.

The battle of Uhud

The two sides faced each other and closed in. Hind bint 'Utbah stood among the women beating on drums behind the men to urge them on. A fierce battle was soon in progress. Abu Dujanah fought with the sword of the Messenger of Allah. He fought until he was deep in the enemy's ranks and killed all those in his path.

Hamzah ibn 'Abdu'l-Muttalib fought fiercely, killing many Qurayshi heroes. No one could stand against him until Wahshi, the slave of Jubayr ibn Mut'im, waited for him in ambush. He was expert at throwing the javelin and seldom missed his mark. Jubayr had promised him that he would set him free if he killed Hamzah. He had killed his uncle Tu'aymah in the Battle of Badr. Hind, the wife of Abu Sufyan who was thirsting for revenge, also encouraged him to kill Hamzah. Wahshi attacked Hamzah with his spear, striking him so hard that it pierced the lower part of his body. Hamzah fell, a martyr.

Mus'ab ibn 'Umayr fought in front of the Messenger of Allah until he was killed.

The Muslims' victory

Allah Almighty sent down His help for the Muslims. He confirmed His promise until the idolworshippers were cut off from their camp and were clearly defeated. The women turned in flight.

When the Muslim archers saw that the idolworship- pers had been routed and had turned in flight to the point that they caught up with their women, they themselves left their post. They headed for the camp, certain of victory, crying, 'People! Booty! Booty!'

Their commander reminded them of the Messenger of Allah's order not to leave their post, but they did not listen. They assumed that the idolworshippers would not come back and so they left the Muslim army unprotected. Then, the cavalry of idolworshippers suddenly attacked from the rear. A shout went up, 'Muhammad has been killed!' Though the Muslims turned back straightaway, the idolworshippers seized the opportunity to counter-attack.

It was a day on which all the Muslims were sorely tested. The enemy fought their way close to the Messenger of Allah who was hit with a rock. He fell on his side, one of his front teeth was smashed, his face was scratched and his lip cut. The blood ran down his face and he wiped it away, saying, 'How can a people prosper who have stained their Prophet's face with blood while he summoned them to their Lord?'

In the confusion, many of the Muslims did not know where the Messenger of Allah was. 'Ali ibn Abi Talib took his hand and Talhah ibn 'Ubaydullah helped him to his feet. Malik ibn Sinan, very upset, licked away the blood from his face.

The Muslims, though not put to flight, were out-manoeuvred and forced to resume the fight.
The Muslims suffered greatly from this reversal. The archers' behaviour led to the martyrdom of many strong and dedicated Companions.

The archers' failure to hold to the instructions of the Messenger of Allah and his orders not to leave their specified position is referred to in the Qur'an:

'Allah was true in His promise towards you when you blasted them by His leave; until you lost heart and quarrelled about the matter and were rebellious, after He had shown you that you longed for. Some of you there are that desire this world, and some of you there are desire the Next World. Then He turned you from them, that He might try you, and He has pardoned you and Allah is bounteous to the believers.' (3: 152)

Wonders of love and sacrifice

During the battle, two links from the metal chain- strap of the Messenger of Allah's helmet had been forced into his cheek. Abu 'Ubaydah ibn al-Jarrah removed one link from his face and a front tooth fell out; he pulled out another link and a second tooth fell out. Thus he lost both of his front teeth. Abu Dujanah had positioned himself as a shield for the Messenger of Allah. Countless arrows stuck in his back while he was leaning over him. Sa'd ibn Abi Waqqas shot arrows in defence of the Messenger of Allah who was handing him the arrows, saying, 'Shoot, may my father and mother be your ransom.'

When the eye of Qatadah ibn an-Nu'man was injured it fell out of its socket on to his cheek. The Messenger of Allah put it back in and it was subsequently his best and sharpest eye. The frenzied idolworshippers had surged towards the Messenger of Allah, trying to achieve something Allah had not willed. Ten Companions who were protecting him were killed. Talhah ibn 'Ubaydullah shielded the Messenger of Allah from arrows with his bare hand. His fingers bled profusely and his hand became paralysed. When the Messenger of Allah wanted to climb a rock he was unable to do so because of his wounds and weakness. Talhah squatted down so that he could use him as a step. The time for the noon-prayer came and he led them in the prayer sitting down because of his wounds.

When the Muslims had been dispersed, Anas ibn an-Nadr, the uncle of Anas ibn Malik, the Messenger of Allah's servant, continued to fight on. Sa'd ibn Mu'adh asked him, 'Where are you going, Abu 'Umar?'

'Towards the scent of the Garden of Paradise, Sa'd,' he replied. 'I smell it near Uhud!'

He came upon some men of the Muhajirun and Ansar who were sitting down looking gloomy, and asked them, 'Why are you sitting here?'

'The Messenger of Allah has been killed,' they said.

'Then what use is life after him? Get up and die as the Messenger of Allah died."

Then he went forward and fought the enemy until he was killed.

Anas (may Allah be pleased with him) said, 'We found seventy wounds on him that day. Only his sister could recognize him, and she recognized him by his fingertips.'

Ziyad ibn as-Sakan fought alongside five of the Ansar in front of the Messenger of Allah; they were killed one by one. Ziyad fought until he was badly wounded. The Messenger of Allah said, 'Bring him to me.' He used his foot as a support for Ziyad's head. Ziyad died with his cheek on the Messenger of Allah's foot.

'Amr ibn al-Jamuh was very lame and had four young sons who used to go on expeditions with the Messenger of Allah. When they went to Uhud, he wanted to accompany the Prophet. His sons said to him, 'Allah has given you a dispensation. You stay and we will fight in your place for Allah has removed the obligation of jihad from you.'

'Amr came to the Messenger of Allah and said, 'These sons of mine prevent me from doing jihad with you. By Allah, I hope that I will be martyred and then I will walk in the Garden of Paradise with this lameness of mine.'

The Prophet replied, 'Allah has removed the duty of jihad from you.'

He asked his sons, 'What harm is there in letting him go?' 'Amr went with the army and was indeed blessed with martyrdom at Uhud.

Zayd ibn Thabit (may Allah be pleased with him) said, 'On the day of Uhud, the Messenger of Allah sent me to look for Sa'd ibn ar-Rabi'. "If you see him," he said, "Greet him from me and tell him, 'The Messenger of Allah says to you, "How do you feel?"

I began to go among the slain and I came to him when he was breathing his last. He had seventy wounds - spear wounds, sword wounds and arrow wounds. I said, "Sa'd! The Messenger of Allah sends you his greeting and says to you, 'How do you feel?" He said, "And peace be upon the Messenger of Allah. Say to him, 'Messenger of Allah, I can smell the scent of the Garden.' Tell my people the Ansar, 'You have no excuse with Allah if anything happens to your Prophet while you still breathe.'" He died straight after saying that.'

'Abdullah ibn Jahsh said on that day, 'O Allah, I swear to you that if I meet the enemy tomorrow and they kill me and then split my stomach open and cut off my nose and my ears and You ask me what all that was for, I will say, "For you, my Lord."

The aftermath of battle

When the Muslims realized that the Messenger of Allah was still alive, they rushed up to one another and advanced towards the gorge. Ubayy ibn Khalaf caught up with him, saying, 'O Muhammad! I will not be spared if you are spared!' The Messenger of Allah, however, said to his Companions, 'Leave him alone.' When he came closer, the Messenger of Allah took a spear from one of his Compa- nions, faced Ubayy and struck him in the neck causing him to sway and fall from his horse.

'Ali ibn Abi Talib filled his shield with water and Fatimah, the daughter of the Prophet, washed the blood from his face. When Fatimah saw that the water only increased the blood flow, she burnt a piece of matting and dressed the wound with the ashes until the bleeding stopped.

'A'ishah bint Abi Bakr and Umm Sulaym carried water in leather bags on their backs. They poured it into the mouths of the wounded. Repeatedly they went back for more water which Umm Sulayt drew for them.

Hind bint 'Utbah and the Quraysh women with her began to mutilate the bodies of the slain Muslims and cut off their ears and noses. She cut out Hamzah's liver and chewed it, but could not swallow it and spat it out.

When Abu Sufyan wanted to leave, he went to the top of the mountain and shouted at the top of his voice, 'The luck of war alternates. One wins today, the other tomorrow. Show your superiority, Hubal!'

The Messenger of Allah said, 'Get up, 'Umar and tell him, "Allah is the most High and Majestic. We are not the same. Our dead are in the Garden of Paradise and your dead are in the Fire!"

Abu Sufyan retorted, 'We have 'Uzza and you do not have 'Uzza!'

The Messenger of Allah said, 'Tell him, "Allah is our Protector and you have no protector!"'

Before Abu Sufyan left, he cried out, 'Your rendezv- ous is Badr next year.'

The Messenger of Allah asked a Companion to say, 'Yes, it is an appointment between us.'

The Muslims searched for their dead and buried them. The Messenger of Allah grieved for Hamzah who was his uncle as well as his foster brother and who had always supported him.

A believing woman's bravery

Safiyyah bint 'Abdu'l-Muttalib came to look at Hamzah. She was his full sister. However, the Messenger of Allah told her son, az-Zubayr ibn al-'Awwam to send her back. 'She must not see what has happened to her brother.'

Az-Zubayr said to her, 'Mother, the Messenger of Allah orders you to go back.'

She asked, 'Why? I have heard that my brother has been mutilated and that it was for the sake of Allah. I assume he will be rewarded. I shall be patient if Allah is willing.'

She then went to see her brother and prayed for him, saying, 'To Allah we belong and to Him we return,' and begged forgiveness for him. Then the Messenger of Allah commanded that he be buried at Uhud.

The martyrs are buried

Mus'ab ibn 'Umayr, the Messenger of Allah's standard-bearer, was one of the wealthiest young men of the Quraysh before becoming a Muslim. Only a small piece of cloth could be found for his shroud. When his head was covered, his feet showed and when his feet were covered, his head was exposed. The Messenger of Allah advised, 'Cover his head and put idhkhir, herbs, on his feet.'

The Messenger of Allah put two of the dead of Uhud in a single shroud and asked, 'Which of them knew the most Qur'an?'

The one who was pointed out was put into the grave first. 'I will be a witness for them on the Day of Resurrection,' said the Messenger of Allah.

He ordered that they be buried still covered with blood, in the condition that they had fallen. They were not prayed for, neither were they washed.

A woman's joy

As they returned to Madinah, the Muslims passed by a woman of the Banu Dinar. She had lost her husband, brother and father in the battle. When she learnt of their deaths she only said, 'What has happened to the Messenger of Allah?'

The Muslims said, 'He is well, Umm so-and-so!' 

She praised Allah and requested them, 'Point him out to me so that I can see him.'

When the Messenger of Allah was pointed out to her she said to him, 'Now that you are safe every misfortune is gone.'

The Muslims' desperate struggle

The idolworshippers criticized one another and their leaders, saying, 'You did not do anything. You have merely scratched the surface. You left without wiping them out.'

The Muslims were still exhausted and many were wounded. The day after Uhud, the Messenger of Allah's crier announced that they should pursue the enemy. No one should leave except those who had fought the day before. All the Muslims went out with the Messenger of Allah. None stayed behind. They reached Hamra' al-Asad about eight miles from Madinah where they camped for three days-Monday, Tuesday and Wednesday - and then returned to Madinah when there were no signs of the enemy returning.

Seventy Muslims were martyred in the Battle of Uhud, most of them Ansar (may Allah be pleased with them). Twenty-two idolworshippers were killed.


In 3 A.H., some of the 'Adal and al-Qarah asked for Muslims to teach them the faith. The Messenger of Allah sent six of his Companions including 'Asim ibn Thabit, Khubayb ibn 'Adi and Zayd ibn al-Dathinah. However the tribesmen double-crossed them and killed four.

When he was captured, Zayd was taken for execution and a group of Quraysh which included Abu Sufyan ibn Harb gathered round. Abu Sufyan called out, 'I ask you by Allah, Zayd, don't you wish that Muhammad was with us now in your place so that we might cut off his head, and that you were with your family?'

Zayd replied, 'By Allah, I don't wish Muhammad to be hurt even by a thorn when I should be safe with my family.'

Abu Sufyan said, 'I have never seen a man so loved as Muhammad's Companions love Muhammad.' Then Zayd was killed.

When Khubayb was about to be executed he asked, 'Could you let me pray two rak'ats?'
'Go ahead,' his captors replied.

He performed serenely two rak'ats and then turned and said to the people, 'By Allah, if it were not that you would think that I prolonged it out of fear of death, I would have prayed more.'

He then recited these two verses of poetry:

I do not care if I am killed as a Muslim,
Whatever death I suffer is for the sake of Allah. 
It is all for Allah and if He wishes
He will bless the limbs which are torn apart.

An ambush

'Amir ibn Malik asked the Messenger of Allah to send a group of his Companions to teach his tribe about Islam. Seventy of the best Muslims were sent. When they reached Bi'r Ma'unah they dismounted, but the tribes of the Banu Sulaym of 'Usayyah, Ri'l and Dhakwan ambushed them by surrounding them with their camels. When they saw what was happening, the Muslims drew their swords and fought bravely, but they were all killed except Ka'b ibn Zayd. He survived until the battle of the Ditch where he, too, was martyred.

Influential last words

When Haram ibn Milhan was killed by Jabbar ibn Sulma, his killer became a Muslim when he heard what Haram had uttered as he was dying. Jabbar explained, 'Part of the reason I became a Muslim was that on that day when I stabbed one of their men between the shoulders with a spear and saw its point come out of his chest, I heard him say, "I have won, by the Lord of the Ka'bah!" I said to myself, "What has he won? Haven't I killed the man?" I enquired from others and they told me that he meant martyrdom. "He has won, by Allah!" I replied that was the reason I became a Muslim.'

The Banu'n-Nadir are banished

The Messenger of Allah approached the Banu'n- Nadir, a large tribe of Jews, to ask for their help in paying the blood-money of two men of the Banu 'Amir who had been killed. An alliance had been made between the Banu'n- Nadir and the Banu 'Amir. Although they promised to cooperate with him, they were really plotting to assassinate him. While the Messenger of Allah was sitting by the wall of one of their houses, they discussed what to do next. 'You will never have such a good opportunity as this again. Who will go up to the top of this house and throw a rock down onto him and rid us of him?'

With the Messenger of Allah was a group of his Companions including Abu Bakr, 'Umar and 'Ali.

Allah informed His Messenger about the treacher- ous plan. He went straight back to Madinah and ordered the Muslims to prepare for war against the Banu'n-Nadir. Then he led them to the enemy fortress. It was in the month of Rabi' al-Awwal in 4 A.H.

The Messenger of Allah laid siege to the Jews for six nights, casting terror into their hearts. They then asked the Messenger of Allah if he would banish them from the city and spare their lives on condition that they take with them all their belongings on their camels, except their weapons. The offer was accepted and they left Madinah after destroying their houses, taking whatever their camels could carry.

The Messenger of Allah divided what property was left among the first Muhajirun.

The Dhat ar-Riqa' expedition

In 4 A.H. the Messenger of Allah decided to make a raid into Najd, advancing with his Companions until he reached Nakhl. They had only one camel between six of them so their feet became raw from walking. They tore their clothes into strips to bandage their feet and toes. This expedition was called Ghazwah Dhat ar-Riqa', the expedi- tion of Rags.

Though the two sides approached each other, no fighting ensued as they were too wary of each other. The Messenger of Allah led the Prayer of Fear on this occasion.

>>> Welcome, You are now on Mohammadia Foundation's Website. Please stay & Tune with us>>>

এই পোস্টটি পরিচিতদের সাথে শেয়ার করুন

পূর্বের পোস্ট দেখুন পরবর্তী পোস্ট দেখুন
এই পোস্টে এখনো কেউ মন্তব্য করে নি
মন্তব্য করতে এখানে ক্লিক করুন

মোহাম্মদীয়া ফাউন্ডেশনের নীতিমালা মেনে কমেন্ট করুন। প্রতিটি কমেন্ট রিভিউ করা হয়।

comment url