BELIEF IN ALLAH || Comparison between humans and animals

Ways in which humans are likened to animals

Ibn 'Abbaas says, according to a report narrated by 'Ațaa': ...but are communities like you... (Qur'an 6: 38). [Allah] means: they recognize Me, affirm My Unity, glorify Me and praise Me. This is like the aayah (verse):

..... وَ اِنۡ مِّنۡ شَیۡءٍ اِلَّا یُسَبِّحُ بِحَمۡدِهٖ ....

(...And there is not a thing but glorifies His Praise...(Qur'an 17: 44)

..... اَلَمۡ تَرَ اَنَّ اللّٰهَ یُسَبِّحُ لَهٗ مَنۡ فِی السَّمٰوٰتِ وَ الۡاَرۡضِ وَ الطَّیۡرُ صٰٓفّٰتٍ ؕ کُلٌّ قَدۡ عَلِمَ صَلَاتَهٗ وَ تَسۡبِیۡحَهٗ ؕ

See you not [O' Muhammad] that Allah, He it is Whom glorify whosoever is in the heavens and the earth, and the birds with wings outspread [in their flight]? Of each one He [Allah] knows indeed his salaah [prayer] and his glorification [or everyone knows his salaah (prayer) and his glorification] ... (Qur'an 24: 41)

This is also referred to in the following verses:

..... اَلَمۡ تَرَ اَنَّ اللّٰهَ یَسۡجُدُ لَهٗ مَنۡ فِی السَّمٰوٰتِ وَ مَنۡ فِی الۡاَرۡضِ وَ الشَّمۡسُ وَ الۡقَمَرُ وَ النُّجُوۡمُ وَ الۡجِبَالُ وَ الشَّجَرُ وَ الدَّوَآبُّ 

See you not that whoever is in the heavens and whoever is on the earth, and the sun, and the moon, and the stars, and the mountains, and the trees, and Ad-Dawaabb [moving (living) creatures, beasts],... (Qur'an 22: 18)

وَ لِلّٰهِ یَسۡجُدُ مَا فِی السَّمٰوٰتِ وَ مَا فِی الۡاَرۡضِ مِنۡ دَآبَّۃٍ وَّ الۡمَلٰٓئِکَۃُ وَ هُمۡ لَا یَسۡتَکۡبِرُوۡنَ ﴿۴۹

And to Allah prostrate all that is in the heavens and all that is in the earth, of the moving [living] creatures and the angels, and they are not proud [i.e. they worship their Lord (Allah) with humility].) (Qur'an 16: 49)

 ... يَجِبَالُ أَولِي مَعَمُ وَالطَّير

..."O' you mountains. Glorify [Allah] with him! And you birds [also]!...") (Qur'an 34: 10)

وَأَوْحَى رَبُّكَ إِلَى النَّحْلِ .

And your Lord inspired the bees,... (Qur'an 16: 68)

... قَالَتْ نَمْلَةٌ يَتَأَيُّهَا النَّمْلُ .

...One of the ants said: 'O' ants!... (Qur'an 27:18)

.... عُلِّمْنَا مَنطِقَ الطَّيرِ 

[Sulaymaan (Solomon) said:] ... We have been taught the language of birds,...' (Qur'an 27: 16)

Mujahid said, 'Communities like you' (means) species and categories which you know by their names. Az-Zajjaaj said, 'Communities like you' means, 'In that they will be resurrected.' Ibn Qutaybah said: 'Communities like you' means, 'In that they search for food, seek provision and try to protect themselves from danger.' 

Sufyaan ibn 'Uyaynah said: there is no human being on earth who does not resemble animals in some way. Some crush the heads of their victims like lions; some run like wolves; some bark like dogs; and some flaunt themselves like peacocks. Some people resemble pigs in that if you offer them good food they will not touch it, but if a man gets up from defecating, they will come and roll in it. Hence you find some people who, if they hear fifty words of wisdom they will not remember anything of that, but if a man does one thing wrong, that will stay in their memory.

Al-Khaṭṭaabi said: how well Sufyaan understood this aayah (verse) and reached this wise conclusion. That is if a statement could not be interpreted literally, it should be interpreted according to the subtle meaning to which it refers. Allah has told us of the similarities between men and every kind of bird and beast; this cannot be taken in the physical sense or in the sense of speech and knowledge, so it must be interpreted as a resemblance in terms of characteristics and attitude.

Allah (SWT), has made some animals smart and resourceful, and others relaxed and trusting. Some insects store a year's worth of food for themselves, and others rely on the fact that daily provision is guaranteed for them. Some do not know their offspring at all; some look after their own offspring but no others; some neglect their own offspring and care for the offspring of others; some never acknowledge their offspring once they become independent. Some creatures save whilst others have no means of earning. Some care for their offspring and never lose touch with them.

Some animals do not seek to produce offspring, whilst others devote all their time and effort to having children. Some recognize and appreciate kind treatment, whilst for others it does not mean a thing. Some prefer others to themselves, whilst others, if they gain enough to provide for an entire community of their species, will not let any other individual come near it.

Some animals like humans and feel at home with them, whilst others are very nervous of man. Some eat only good and pure things whilst others eat filth and yet others eat both.

Some animals will not harm unless severely provoked, whilst others will hurt without provocation. Some bear grudges and never forget if someone hurts them, whilst others do not remember at all. Some never get angry, whilst others get angry quickly and are not easily calmed. Some have very precise knowledge of things which most people know nothing about, and some do not know about anything at all. Some are able to detect and avoid things which are ugly or bad, and for others good and bad are the same. Some learn quickly, some learn slowly, and some never learn.

All of this points to the Creator and how wise and perfect He is in His creation. It shows how wonderful is the knowledge which He has instilled in His creation, how subtle the stratagems, how precise the management, how patient His creatures are in the pursuit of their goals. All of this makes us glorify Allah. It fills our hearts with knowledge of Allah and His wisdom and power. What every rational being knows is that He did not create all this in vain and He does not neglect His creation. In all that He creates He has the clearest wisdom and definitive proof, which indicates that He is the Lord and Sovereign of all things, that He alone is perfect, and that He is able to do all things and knows all things.

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