THE PRINCIPLE OF LOVE & DESIRE: Every Group Among Mankind Needs a Religion to Unite Them

Every Group Among Mankind Needs a Religion to Unite Them

As we have discussed, every action is born out of love and desire, and every inaction or avoidance of action is born out of hate and dislike, and every person is a hammam (worker) and a härith (person with intent) who loves and hates; there is no living person who does not possess these two emotions, and his actions follow his love and his hatred. Then we discussed that some of these affairs are connected to habits and characteristics, and indeed these affairs indicate something: every person needs a religion or a belief that unites them because no one can exist on their own and no one can derive benefits and defend against harm on their own. If they gather together and unite, then they need to all participate in attaining things that will be beneficial to all of them, such as seeking rain to fall, and that is based on their love for that. Likewise, they must participate in repelling harm, such as an enemy, and that comes from their hatred. Over time, this common love and hatred in which they all participate becomes their religion.

This is the case for a common, shared love, but in terms of each person's specific love for food, drink, relations, clothes, etc., then this is a shared love for a type of thing and not a specific thing. In other words, each person cannot seek to benefit from the food, drink, marriage, and clothing that someone else is enjoying; rather, he likes their equivalent types.


The divine affairs are, in reality, the same; for example, the same exact rain that falls in one place cannot fall in another place- it is not the same rain falling, but rather something of the same type. Likewise, the cold wind that chills the body of one person may not be the same wind that chills another. However, the divine affairs occur collectively and universally, so due to this the love and hate for these things are universal and collective, unlike the things connected to actions like food and clothing, as these things may be specific and they may be shared.

Therefore, the things that a people all need must be made compul- sory for them, and the things that cause them harm must be made illegal, so that is their religion. This can only come about by way of agreement among themselves, such as a covenant or a bond.

This is why it was said in a hadith:

لا إيمان لمن لا أمانة له، و لا دين لمن لا عهد له.

A person with no amanah (trustworthiness, reliability, loyalty, etc.) has no iman (belief), and a person with no 'ahd (commitment, oath, covenant, etc.) has no din (religion).16

Therefore, this is religion in which all of the Sons of Adam are involved: adhering to obligations and prohibitions, which is the fulfillment of the covenant. This religion may be corrupt and invalid if the covenant is more harmful than beneficial, or it could be a true religion if the benefit is specific or dominant.

As Allah, the Most High, said:

 قُلۡ یٰۤاَیُّهَا الۡکٰفِرُوۡنَ ۙ﴿۱  قُلۡ یٰۤاَیُّهَا الۡکٰفِرُوۡنَ ۙ﴿۱ وَ لَاۤ اَنۡتُمۡ عٰبِدُوۡنَ مَاۤ اَعۡبُدُ ۚ﴿۳  وَ لَاۤ اَنَا عَابِدٌ مَّا عَبَدۡتُّمۡ ۙ﴿۴ وَ لَاۤ اَنۡتُمۡ عٰبِدُوۡنَ مَاۤ اَعۡبُدُ ؕ﴿۵  لَکُمۡ دِیۡنُکُمۡ وَلِیَ دِیۡنِ ﴿۶

Say: "O disbelievers, I do not worship what you worship. Nor do you worship what I worship. And I shall not worship what you are worshiping. Nor will you worship what I worship. To you be your religion, and to me my religion." [Surah al-Kafirun 109:1-6]

And He, the Most High, said:

 مَا کَانَ لِیَاۡخُذَ اَخَاهُ فِیۡ دِیۡنِ الۡمَلِکِ

He could not take his brother by the din of the king. [Surah Yusuf 12:76]

And He, the Most High, said: 

 قَاتِلُوا الَّذِیۡنَ لَا یُؤۡمِنُوۡنَ بِاللّٰهِ وَ لَا بِالۡیَوۡمِ الۡاٰخِرِ وَ لَا یُحَرِّمُوۡنَ مَا حَرَّمَ اللّٰهُ وَ رَسُوۡلُهٗ وَ لَا یَدِیۡنُوۡنَ دِیۡنَ الۡحَقِّ مِنَ الَّذِیۡنَ اُوۡتُوا الۡکِتٰبَ حَتّٰی یُعۡطُوا الۡجِزۡیَۃَ عَنۡ ‌یَّدٍ وَّ هُمۡ صٰغِرُوۡنَ ﴿۲۹

Fight against those who do not believe in Allah or in the Last Day and who do not consider unlawful what Allah and His Messenger have made unlawful and who do not adopt the religion of truth from those who were given the scripture. [Surah at-Tawbah 9:29]

The true religion is obedience and worship for Allah. As I clarified, the religion is habitual obedience that becomes a characteristic so that the one who is obeyed is loved and desired, because the basis of that is al-muhabbah (love) and al-iradah (want, desire).

No one has the right to be worshiped or obeyed unrestrictedly except Allah alone, with no partners, and His Messenger and leaders must be obeyed, because they command obedience to Allah, as the Messenger said in the agreed upon hadith:

مَنْ أَطَاعَنِي فَقَدْ أَطَاعَ اللَّهَ وَمَنْ عَصَانِي فَقَدْ عَصَى اللَّهَ وَمَنْ أَطَاعَ أَمِيرِي فَقَدْ أَطَاعَنِي وَمَنْ عَصَى أَمِيرِي فَقَدْ عَصَانِي.

Whoever obeys me obeys Allah, and whoever disobeys me disobeys Allah. Whoever obeys my leader obeys me, and whoever disobeys my leader disobeys me. 18

Worship must be for Allah alone with no intercessors, so the slave only worships Allah, as we have clarified many times; and we also clarified that any action that is not done desiring Allah's reward or to worship Him alone is corrupt not righteous, falsehood not truth, and does not benefit those who perform it.

Allah, the Most High, said:

وَ مَاۤ اُمِرُوۡۤا اِلَّا لِیَعۡبُدُوا اللّٰهَ مُخۡلِصِیۡنَ لَهُ الدِّیۡنَ ۬ۙ حُنَفَآءَ وَ یُقِیۡمُوا الصَّلٰوۃَ وَ یُؤۡتُوا الزَّکٰوۃَ وَ ذٰلِکَ دِیۡنُ الۡقَیِّمَۃِ ؕ﴿۵

And they were commanded not but that they should worship Allah, and worship none but Him alone (abstaining from ascribing partners to Him), and perform the ṣalah and give zakāh; and that is the right religion. [Surah al-Bayyinah 98:5]

And He, the Most High, said:

وَ قٰتِلُوۡهُمۡ حَتّٰی لَا تَکُوۡنَ فِتۡنَۃٌ وَّ یَکُوۡنَ الدِّیۡنُ لِلّٰهِ

And fight them until there is no more fitnah (disbe- lief and worshiping of others along with Allah) and (all) worship is for Allah (alone). [Surah al-Baqarah 2:193]

And He, the Most High, said:

 ذٰلِکَ الدِّیۡنُ الۡقَیِّمُ ۬ۙ فَلَا تَظۡلِمُوۡا فِیۡهِنَّ اَنۡفُسَکُمۡ

That is the right religion, so wrong not yourselves therein. [Surah at-Tawbah 9:36]

And He, the Most High, said:

قُلۡ اِنَّنِیۡ هَدٰىنِیۡ رَبِّیۡۤ اِلٰی صِرَاطٍ مُّسۡتَقِیۡمٍ ۬ۚ دِیۡنًا قِیَمًا مِّلَّۃَ اِبۡرٰهِیۡمَ حَنِیۡفًا ۚ وَ مَا کَانَ مِنَ الۡمُشۡرِکِیۡنَ ﴿۱۶۱

Say (O Muhammad): "Indeed, my Lord has guided me to a straight path-a correct religion- the way of Ibrahim, inclining toward truth. And he was not among those who associated others with Allah." [Surah al-An'am 6:161]

And He, the Most High, said:

 وَ مَا کَانَ الۡمُؤۡمِنُوۡنَ لِیَنۡفِرُوۡا کَآفَّۃً ؕ فَلَوۡ لَا نَفَرَ مِنۡ کُلِّ فِرۡقَۃٍ مِّنۡهُمۡ طَآئِفَۃٌ لِّیَتَفَقَّهُوۡا فِی الدِّیۡنِ وَ لِیُنۡذِرُوۡا قَوۡمَهُمۡ اِذَا رَجَعُوۡۤا اِلَیۡهِمۡ لَعَلَّهُمۡ یَحۡذَرُوۡنَ ﴿۱۲۲

And it is not for the believers to go forth [to battle] all at once. For there should separate from every division of them a group [remaining] to obtain understanding in the religion and warn their people when they return to them. [Surah at-Tawbah 9:122]

And as reported by al-Bukhari and Muslim, the Prophet said:

من يرد الله به خيرا يفقه في الدين.

When Allah wants good for someone, He bestows upon him under- standing of the din. 19

And Allah, the Most High, said:

وَ لَا یَزَالُوۡنَ یُقَاتِلُوۡنَکُمۡ حَتّٰی یَرُدُّوۡکُمۡ عَنۡ دِیۡنِکُمۡ اِنِ اسۡتَطَاعُوۡا ؕ وَ مَنۡ یَّرۡتَدِدۡ مِنۡکُمۡ عَنۡ دِیۡنِهٖ فَیَمُتۡ وَ هُوَ کَافِرٌ فَاُولٰٓئِکَ حَبِطَتۡ اَعۡمَالُهُمۡ فِی الدُّنۡیَا وَ الۡاٰخِرَۃِ ۚ وَ اُولٰٓئِکَ اَصۡحٰبُ النَّارِ ۚ هُمۡ فِیۡهَا خٰلِدُوۡنَ ﴿۲۱۷

And they will never cease fighting you until they turn you back from your religion (Islamic monothe- ism) if they can. And whosoever of you turns back from his religion and dies as a disbeliever, then his deeds will be lost in this life and in the Hereafter, and they will be the dwellers of the Fire. They will abide therein forever. [Surah al-Baqarah 2:217]

And Allah, the Most High, said:

 یٰۤاَیُّهَا الَّذِیۡنَ اٰمَنُوۡا مَنۡ یَّرۡتَدَّ مِنۡکُمۡ عَنۡ دِیۡنِهٖ فَسَوۡفَ یَاۡتِی اللّٰهُ بِقَوۡمٍ یُّحِبُّهُمۡ وَ یُحِبُّوۡنَهٗۤ

O you who believe! Whoever from among you turns back from his religion (Islam), Allah will bring a people whom He will love and they will love Him. [Surah al-Ma'idah 5:54]

It is the true religion, which enjoins worshiping Allah alone with no partners, and obedience to Him and His Messenger. It is Islām, the only religion that Allah accepts, as He, the Most High, said:

اِنَّ الدِّیۡنَ عِنۡدَ اللّٰهِ الۡاِسۡلَامُ

Truly, the religion with Allah is Islam. [Surah Ali Imran 3:19]

And His saying:

وَمَن يَبْتَغِ غَيْرَ الْإِسْلَامِ دِينًا فَلَن يُقْبَلَ مِنْهُ وَهُوَ فِي الْآخِرَةِ مِنَ الْخَاسِرِينَ )

And whoever seeks a religion other than Islam, it will never be accepted of him, and in the Hereafter he will be one of the losers. [Surah Ali 'Imran 3:85]

He, the Most High, said:

اَفَغَیۡرَ دِیۡنِ اللّٰهِ یَبۡغُوۡنَ وَ لَهٗۤ اَسۡلَمَ مَنۡ فِی السَّمٰوٰتِ وَ الۡاَرۡضِ طَوۡعًا وَّ کَرۡهًا وَّ اِلَیۡهِ یُرۡجَعُوۡنَ ﴿۸۳

Do they seek other than the religion of Allah (the true Islamic monotheism, worshiping none but Allah alone), while to Him submitted all creatures in the heavens and the earth, willingly or unwill- ingly? And to Him shall they all be returned. [Surah Ali Imran 3:83]

He, the Most High, said:

شَرَعَ لَكُم مِّنَ الدِّينِ مَا وَصَّى بِهِ نُوحًا وَالَّذِي أَوْحَيْنَا إِلَيْكَ وَمَا وَصَّيْنَا بِهِ إِبْرَاهِيمَ وَمُوسَىٰ وَعِيسَى أَنْ أَقِيمُوا الدِّينَ وَلَا تَتَفَرَّقُوا فِيهِ كَبُرَ عَلَى الْمُشْرِكِينَ مَا تَدْعُوهُمْ إِلَيْهِ اللَّهُ )

He (Allah) has ordained for you the same religion (Islam) which He ordained for Nüḥ, and that which We have inspired in you (O Muhammad), and that which We ordained for Ibrahim, Mūsā, and 'Isa, saying you should establish religion (i.e., to do what it orders you to do practically), and make no divisions in it (religion). Intolerable for the mushrikun is that to which you (O Muḥammad call them. Allah chooses for Himself whom He wills, and guides unto Himself those who turn to Him in repentance and obedience. [Surah ash-Shura 42:13]

And He, the Most High, said:

 اِنَّ الَّذِیۡنَ فَرَّقُوۡا دِیۡنَهُمۡ وَ کَانُوۡا شِیَعًا لَّسۡتَ مِنۡهُمۡ فِیۡ شَیۡءٍ ؕ اِنَّمَاۤ اَمۡرُهُمۡ اِلَی اللّٰهِ ثُمَّ یُنَبِّئُهُمۡ بِمَا کَانُوۡا یَفۡعَلُوۡنَ ﴿۱۵۹

Verily, those who divide their religion and break up into sects (all kinds of religious sects), you (O Muhammad) have no concern in them in the least. [Surah al-An'am 6:159]

So if every human being needs to gather into communities, then every community must have obedience and a religion, and any obedience or religion that is made for other than Allah is null and void. Therefore, every religion other than Islam is null and void.

16 Reported by Ahmad (3/135) on the authority of Anas bin Malik
17 Ibn al-Jawzi said in Zad al-Masir (4/261): "Concerning the meaning of 'din' in this verse, there are two opinions: The first is that it means 'sovereignty,' so the meaning is 'by the sovereignty of the king'; this was reported by al-'Awfi on the authority of Ibn 'Abbas. The second meaning is 'law,' so the meaning is 'by the law of the king,' and this was reported by Abu Ṣāliḥ on the authority of Ibn 'Abbas."
18. Reported by al-Bukhari (9/61) and Muslim (3/1465).
19. Reported by al-Bukhari (1/21) and Muslim (2/718).

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