Mohammadia Foundation https://www.mohammadiafoundationbd.com/2023/04/Interpretation-of-al-Muhabbah.html
THE PRINCIPLE OF LOVE & DESIRE: The Incorrect Interpretation of al-Muhabbah by Some Muslim Sects
The Incorrect Interpretation of al-Muhabbah by Some Muslim Sects
The Jahmiyyah and the people of rhetoric who followed them explain Allah's love for His slave to mean doing good for him, so they deem it to be an action.
Another group from among the Şifatiyyah (the Attributists) say that means "want" or "beneficence." Even some of those who attribute themselves to the Sunnah from among Imam Ahmad's followers may hold one of these two opinions, but as for the Salaf and the Imams of the Sunnah, then they agreed upon the affirmation of Allah's love for His slaves. Many of them even explain the slave's love for his Lord as his want and desire to worship Him and to draw close to Him. They do not even affirm that the slave loves Allah! However, the Salaf, Imams of the Sunnah, knowledgeable scholars, and the majority of the believers agree that there is no love greater than the slave's love for his Lord, as He, the Most High, said:
وَ مِنَ النَّاسِ مَنۡ یَّتَّخِذُ مِنۡ دُوۡنِ اللّٰهِ اَنۡدَادًا یُّحِبُّوۡنَهُمۡ کَحُبِّ اللّٰهِ ؕ وَ الَّذِیۡنَ اٰمَنُوۡۤا اَشَدُّ حُبًّا لِّلّٰهِ
And of mankind are some who take (for worship) others besides Allah as rivals (to Allah). They love them as they love Allah. But those who believe love Allah more (than anything else). [Surah al-Baqarah 2:165)
And He, the Most High, said:
فَسَوۡفَ یَاۡتِی اللّٰهُ بِقَوۡمٍ یُّحِبُّهُمۡ وَ یُحِبُّوۡنَهٗۤ ۙ
Allah will bring a people whom He will love and they will love Him. [Surah al-Ma'idah 5:54]
And He, the Most High, said:
قُلۡ اِنۡ کَانَ اٰبَآؤُکُمۡ وَ اَبۡنَآؤُکُمۡ وَ اِخۡوَانُکُمۡ وَ اَزۡوَاجُکُمۡ وَ عَشِیۡرَتُکُمۡ وَ اَمۡوَالُۨ اقۡتَرَفۡتُمُوۡهَا وَ تِجَارَۃٌ تَخۡشَوۡنَ کَسَادَهَا وَ مَسٰکِنُ تَرۡضَوۡنَهَاۤ اَحَبَّ اِلَیۡکُمۡ مِّنَ اللّٰهِ وَ رَسُوۡلِهٖ وَ جِهَادٍ فِیۡ سَبِیۡلِهٖ فَتَرَبَّصُوۡا حَتّٰی یَاۡتِیَ اللّٰهُ بِاَمۡرِهٖ ؕ وَ اللّٰهُ لَا یَهۡدِی الۡقَوۡمَ الۡفٰسِقِیۡنَ ﴿۲۴
Say: "If your fathers, your sons, your brothers, your wives, your kindred, the wealth that you have gained, the commerce in which you fear a decline, and the dwellings in which you delight are dearer to you than Allah and His Messenger, and striv ing hard and fighting in His cause, then wait until Allah brings about His decision (torment)." [Surah at-Tawbah 9:24]
He is not pleased unless Allah and His Messenger are more beloved to them than their families and wealth, which is why striving in the way of Allah is complete iman. Allah, the Most High, said:
اِنَّمَا الۡمُؤۡمِنُوۡنَ الَّذِیۡنَ اٰمَنُوۡا بِاللّٰهِ وَ رَسُوۡلِهٖ ثُمَّ لَمۡ یَرۡتَابُوۡا وَ جٰهَدُوۡا بِاَمۡوَالِهِمۡ وَ اَنۡفُسِهِمۡ فِیۡ سَبِیۡلِ اللّٰهِ ؕ اُولٰٓئِکَ هُمُ الصّٰدِقُوۡنَ ﴿۱۵
Only those are the believers who have believed in Allah and His Messenger, and afterward doubt not but strive with their wealth and their lives for the cause of Allah. Those! They are the truthful. [Surah al-Hujurat 49:15)
Due to this, Allah attributes striving for Allah's cause to those who love Him and whom He loves:
يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا مَن يَرْتَدَّ مِنكُمْ عَن دِينِهِ فَسَوْفَ يَأْتِي اللَّهُ بِقَوْمٍ يُحِبُّهُمْ وَيُحِبُّونَهُ أَذِلَّةٍ عَلَى الْمُؤْمِنِينَ أَعِزَّةٍ عَلَى الْكَافِرِينَ يُجَاهِدُونَ فِي سَبِيلِ اللَّهِ وَلَا يَخَافُونَ لَوْمَةَ لائم )
O you who believe! Whoever from among you turns back from his religion (Islam), Allah will bring a people whom He will love and they will love Him; humble towards the believers, stern towards the disbelievers, striving in the way of Allah, and never afraid of the blame of a critic. [Surah al-Ma'idah 5:54]
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